November 14th of every year is marked globally as World Diabetes Day.


Presently, the International Diabetes Federation estimates that 3 in 4 people with diabetes live in low & middle income countries and that 100 years after insulin discovery, 1 in 2 people who need insulin cannot access or afford it. With this alarming figure, it is recommended that we reduce our risk of type 2 Diabetes, which is largely preventable by-

1) Healthy Eating: Avoid sugar sweetened soft drinks/beverages, junk food and snacks, cholesterol-containing vegetable oil & saturated fats e.g. Margarine, eat more of vegetables & fruits, take enough water daily, limit alcohol intake.

2) Healthy Lifestyle: Maintain ideal body weight, regular/daily exercises, avoid a sedentary lifestyle.

3) Regular Medical Screening: Blood glucose levels, blood pressure, lipid levels.
For those already diagnosed, take medicines as prescribed, regularly monitor blood glucose levels & keep the records, attend clinic visits regularly to prevent complications.

4) Healthcare Workers: should screen all persons at first contact, especially those at risk, & refer appropriately for specialized care as soon as required.
A multidisciplinary approach is indispensable for good outcomes.




World Pneumonia Day is a global event observed every year on 12 November to spread awareness and educate people to combat Pneumonia disease, the world’s biggest infectious killer of adults and children, responsible for the majority of death of children below five across the globe.


A stroke occurs when the blood supply to the brain is disrupted, most frequently by a clot in an artery supplying blood to the brain (ischemic stroke), and sometimes by hemorrhage when a burst vessel causes blood to leak into the brain (hemorrhagic stroke).

Although older age is a risk factor for stroke, up to 15% of all strokes occur in adults younger than 50, and 1 in 4 adults over the age of 25 will have a stroke in their lifetime.

The BEFAST acronym can be used to detect stroke. B– Balance loss, E– Eye (vision) loss, F– Facial drooping, A– Arm/leg weakness, S– Speech difficulties and T– Time to call emergency services.


Since 2010, October 27th has been set aside as the World Occupational Therapy Day. The intent is to increase the awareness of the unique contribution to health and well-being.
Occupational therapy (OT) is an allied health profession that involves the therapeutic use of everyday activities, to treat the physical, mental, developmental, and emotional ailments that impact an individual’s ability to perform day-to-day tasks.

“Occupations” are what people want to, need to, or are expected to do either as individuals, groups or a community which are affected in many disabling conditions.

An Occupational Therapist is a practitioner who uses therapeutic techniques to improve, rehabilitate, or maintain a patient’s ability to perform everyday activities. This implies that occupational therapists are responsible for helping patients develop, recover, improve from injury as well as maintain the skills needed to execute daily activities.
Areas of practice in O.T include but not limited to, Geriatrics, Mental health, Paediatrics, Physical rehabilitation, Neurological rehabilitation, splinting and assistive devices, environmental modification, low vision, and school systems.

In resonance with the theme for this year “Opportunity + Choice = Justice, the Occupational therapy community in University of Benin Teaching Hospital once again reiterate its committed to creating opportunities through its services that inform the choices people make in their daily life activities irrespective of their living condition thereby fostering occupational justice which is a form of social justice.

More importantly, it seeks to remind the public that UBTH provides specialized training through the School of Occupational Therapy that equips graduates with opportunities to impact their world.

It is believed that as the whole world celebrates this noble profession today, the general public will be better empowered to create a more inclusive society with equitable opportunities especially for individuals living with disabilities.

Happy World Occupational Therapy Day.

Long live the Occupational Therapy Profession.!!


Stuttering is one of the types of fluency disorders characterized by involuntary hesitations and rapid repetitions of speech elements. It is a disorders of communication rather than of speech, always involve a disturbance in interpersonal relationship.

Stuttering can occur in both children and adulthood. The most common type of stuttering is Developmental stuttering. This is mostly noticeable in children of age range 3 years – 8 years. Next is Neurogenic stuttering, this has to do with problem with the brain, for example, brain injury, stroke, head trauma, etc. The last is psychogenic stuttering. This has to do with fear in the mind or emotions.

In discussing cause(s) of stuttering, we should be careful to note that, unlike other forms of disabilities, there is no single cause of stuttering. Just like effort to discover the source of a river will prove difficult, so is the cause or origin of stuttering. That is, too many streams flow into the river, different effort at different times will give different result. Whichever result we get, there is surely going to be a conclusion – existence of a speech disorder. Therefore in no particular order, we will talk about causes of stuttering with hereditary on top of the list. That is, if it runs in the affected persons family. Second is developmental delay. Also, there is learned behavior which is done by imitating peers.



Thrombosis is the formation of blood clots within the blood vessel which can affect all ages, race, gender and ethnicity.

It affects 1 in 4 people worldwide and in Nigeria, more than 50% of hospitalized patients are at risk of venous thrombo-embolism.

This year’s theme – “eyes open to thrombosis” focuses on creating awareness among both health care professionals and the general
public on the prevention of this leading cause of death worldwide.

It also emphasises the need to stay alert and promptly take appropriate action when symptoms such as unilateral leg swelling, unexplained sudden shortness of breath and chest pain are noticed.

Furthermore, early ambulation after surgery and practicing a healthy lifestyle including regular exercise and dietary modification will significantly reduce the risk of thrombus formation.

Thrombosis does not take a break, we shouldn’t either. Be proactive, spread the information.

Courtesy: UBTH


World Sight Day- Love Your Eyes

The World Sight Day (WSD) is celebrated globally every year on the second Thursday of October in order to focus attention on the global issue of eye health.

The Lions Club International Foundation started this day for the first time in the year 2000 and it was then adapted and coordinated yearly by the IAPB and WHO.

IAPB- Love Your Eyes


“USE HEART FOR EVERY HEART” is the theme for World Heart Day in 2022. The World Heart Federation had teamed up with digital health businesses to commemorate World Heart Day with the aim of raising awareness globally, avoiding CVD, and managing the condition.


Resource Person: Dr. Israel Aina, Consultant Psychiatrist and Ag Head of Department, Mental Health, UBTH / UNIBEN


To commemorate the World Alzheimer’s Day, The Content team of the University of Benin Teaching Hospital discusses with Dr. Israel Aina, the Consultant Psychiatrist and Ag Head of Department of Mental Health, UBTH/ UNIBEN, on the topic of Alzheimer, post-dementia care for patients and expected activities of care givers. We also featured the activities of the Hospital in caring for its patients.


The World Sexual Health Day is observed on September 4th of every year. It is an initiative designed by the World Association for Sexual Health (WAS) to raise awareness and promote healthy sexual practices.

According to Dr (Mrs.) V.O. Abah. Consultant Family Physician and Coordinator Adolescent and Youth Health Clinic, Department of Family Medicine. University of Benin Teaching Hospital; “Sexual Health which is in line with the sexual reproductive health refers to the physical, psychological, emotional and spiritual well-being of an individual as related to sexuality; it is not merely the absence of disease, dysfunction or infirmity”.

Sexuality in itself refers to all things in terms of an individual’s own concept of his or her self in relation to the gender or genders which they are typically attracted to. This recounts to the intimacy and psychological state of being able to interact with any other human being as regards to intimacy.

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