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Community Health

[bt_section layout=”boxed” top_spaced=”topSemiSpaced” bottom_spaced=”bottomSemiSpaced” skin=”dark” full_screen=”no” vertical_align=”inherit” divider=”yes” back_image=”608″ back_color=”#0cb8b6″ back_video=”” video_settings=”” parallax=”” parallax_offset=”” animation=”” animation_back=”” animation_impress=”” el_id=”” el_class=”” el_style=””][bt_row][bt_column width=”1/1″ align=”left” vertical_align=”inherit” border=”no_border” cell_padding=”default” animation=”animate animate-fadein animate-moveleft” text_indent=”no_text_indent” highlight=”no_highlight” background_color=”” transparent=”” inner_background_color=”” background_image=”” el_class=”” el_style=””][bt_hr top_spaced=”topExtraSmallSpaced” bottom_spaced=”not-spaced” transparent_border=”noBorder” el_class=”” el_style=””][/bt_hr][bt_hr top_spaced=”topExtraSmallSpaced” bottom_spaced=”not-spaced” transparent_border=”noBorder” el_class=”” el_style=””][/bt_hr][bt_header superheadline=”COMMUNITY HEALTH” headline=”DEPARTMENTS” headline_size=”large” dash=”top” subheadline=”” el_class=”” el_style=”” dash_style=”btAlternateDash”][/bt_header][/bt_column][/bt_row][/bt_section][bt_section layout=”boxed” top_spaced=”topSemiSpaced” bottom_spaced=”not-spaced” skin=”inherit” full_screen=”no” vertical_align=”inherit” divider=”no” back_image=”” back_color=”” back_video=”” video_settings=”” parallax=”” parallax_offset=”” animation=”” animation_back=”” animation_impress=”” el_id=”” el_class=”” el_style=”” responsive=””][bt_row][bt_column width=”1/2″][bt_image image=”6643″ caption_text=”” size=”” shape=”square” url=”” target=”_self” hover_type=”” el_class=”” el_style=”” responsive=””][/bt_image][/bt_column][bt_column width=”1/2″ align=”left” vertical_align=”inherit” border=”no_border” cell_padding=”default” animation=”animate animate-moveleft” text_indent=”no_text_indent” highlight=”no_highlight” background_color=”” opacity=”” inner_background_color=”” background_image=”” el_class=”” el_style=””][bt_header superheadline=”” headline=”ABOUT COMMUNITY HEALTH” headline_size=”large” dash=”bottom” subheadline=”” el_class=”” el_style=”” dash_style=”btAlternateDash”][/bt_header][bt_hr top_spaced=”topExtraSmallSpaced” bottom_spaced=”not-spaced” transparent_border=”noBorder” el_class=”” el_style=””][/bt_hr][bt_text] Postgraduate training in the Department of Community Health started in 1977, prior to this period; residents were sponsored by the hospital for training overseas, after a stipulated rotational training within the department. The trainees were expected to report back to the hospital and department immediately on expiration of the study leave abroad, and were required to serve the hospital for a stipulated time. Presently the department has the capability to train residents without having to go abroad for the training. [/bt_text][/bt_column][/bt_row][/bt_section][bt_section layout=”boxed” top_spaced=”topSpaced” bottom_spaced=”bottomSpaced” skin=”inherit” full_screen=”no” vertical_align=”btMiddleVertical” divider=”no” back_image=”” back_color=”” back_video=”” video_settings=”” parallax=”” parallax_offset=”” animation=”” animation_back=”” animation_impress=”” el_id=”” el_class=”” el_style=””][bt_row][bt_column width=”2/3″ align=”left” vertical_align=”btTopVertical” border=”no_border” cell_padding=”default” animation=”animate animate-fadein animate-moveright” text_indent=”no_text_indent” highlight=”no_highlight” background_color=”” transparent=”” inner_background_color=”” background_image=”” el_class=”” el_style=””][bt_hr top_spaced=”not-spaced” bottom_spaced=”bottomSmallSpaced” transparent_border=”border” el_class=”” el_style=””][/bt_hr][bt_header superheadline=”” headline=”KEY SERVICES” headline_size=”medium” dash=”no” subheadline=”” el_class=”” el_style=”” dash_style=”btNormalDash”][/bt_header][bt_text] • Consultant general outpatients clinic • Occupational health services, medical examinations of employees, school entrants and food vendors. • Screening clinic for non-communicable diseases. • Family Health Services including child health care and immunization. • Environmental health and infection control. • Primary Health Care (Comprehensive Health Centre, ogbona) OBJECTIVE AND GOALS OF THE DEPARTMENT 1 To train medical doctors wishing to specialize in Community Health to the status of Fellows such that they can practice professionally and academically with the highest level of technical skills and at the highest cadre of the specialty. 2 To carry out epidemiological studies and identify the prevalent health problems in the community and ways to control them. 3 To develop the spirit of team-work in promoting health in all population groups. 4 To co-ordinate the training programmes of various cadre of medical personnel in the area of public health. 5 To organize consultant clinics on endemic diseases in the Teaching Hospitals. 6 To liaise with outside agencies on all matters related to the basic concept of community health. 7 To screen for non communicable diseases Training: • Undergraduate Programme in Community health for medical • Medical Students • Community Health officers training programme • Postgraduate training for resident doctors • Residency • Masters in Public Health [/bt_text][bt_hr top_spaced=”not-spaced” bottom_spaced=”bottomSmallSpaced” transparent_border=”noBorder” el_class=”” el_style=””][/bt_hr][bt_header superheadline=”” headline=”OTHER INFORMATION” headline_size=”medium” dash=”no” dash_style=”btNormalDash” subheadline=”” el_class=”Other” el_style=””][/bt_header][bt_text] RESIDENCY TRAINING FORMAT Resident doctors undergo rotational postings through the various sub-specialties as suitably identified in the relevant units of the department and the institution. The postings run side with lectures, seminar, workshops, tutorials, institutional field work, laboratory practical and clinical postings. Units under the department giving resident doctors exposure to different sub-specialties of public health include: 1. Consultant Clinic- This is situated in the General Practice Clinic of the hospital, where the following service are rendered: a. Endemic disease clinic including communicable disease, sexually transmitted infections, etc. b. Occupational health clinic- medical examination service. etc. c. Immunization d. Non-communicable disease prevention clinic- hypertension clinic etc. 2. Screening clinic. – This is a well person’s clinic situated in the centre for disease control (CDC). Clients come to be screened for a variety of chronic non communicable medical conditions. Presently, the disease and conditions screened for include hypertension, diabetes mellitus, hepatitis B and C serum lipids breast cancer, prostrate cancer. These are plans to expand this list to include several other non- communicable diseases in the future. 3. Infection Control Unit – This is solely responsible for the control of infections in the hospital. Residents go on ward rounds with Consultants and the infection control nurses in the department to ensure that all comply with standard precautions on the control of infections. 4. Comprehensive Health centre, Ogbona – This is a primary health care facility coordinated by the department. Residents acquired managerial skills while attached to the facility as they involved in the administration of the facility. Services in the centre include: – Outpatient consultants – Antenatal clinic – Delivery service – Post- natal care – Family planning – Immunization – Growth monitoring – In-patient care – Coordinating the village Health Committee, Ogbona. 5. Environmental Health Unit – This Unit of the department is charged with maintaining adequate environment health in the hospital. Services include: – Collection and disposal of refuse – Maintaining adequate food hygiene – Vector and pest control 6. Centre for Training Community Health Officers – The Department coordinate this centre and residents participate in the teaching/ training of the health workers. 7. Departmental Museum/Public Health Laboratory- The Museum stores specimen used for both undergraduate and postgraduate training and examination while the Public health laboratory is used for analysis of samples obtain during community health surveys and also for the analysis of samples from clients in the screening clinic. 8. MPH Programme – Through this programme the residents also receive formal lectures. 9. Tutorial and Seminars: – Consultants/ Residents seminar – Clinical meeting – Residents tutorial – Journal review 10. Teaching and supervision of medical students 11. External postings – Residents are exposed to the various sub- specialties from Institutions listed below: A. EPIDEMIOLOGY 1. Outbreak investigation and control 2. Disease surveillance and control 3. Study of communicable and non-communicable disease 4. Current control Programmes in Nigeria B. REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH 1. Ante-natal clinic session 2. Intrapartum care 3. Family Planning Clinic 4. Child Welfare Clinic 5. Immunization Programme 6 School Health Programme C. ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH 1. Inspection of promises 2 Solid waste disposals 4. Municipal water treatment 5. Market sanitation 6. Environmental Impact Assessment of Projects 7. Sewage treatment plant visit D.OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH 1. Pre-employment medical examination 2. Management of general and occupational diseases 3. Control of occupational hazards 4. Assessment of work environment/environmental monitoring 5. Disposal of toxic wastes 6. Periodic Medical Examination E. HEALTH SERVICES MANAGEMENT 1. Function of Medical Officer of Health 2. Management of Material Resources 3. Financial Management and Budgeting, Expenditure Control and Statements of Accounting 4. Manpower Planning and Development 5. Monitoring Relationships in evaluation of Health Service 6. Public Relation in Health Services 7. Interaction with the Community and NGOS 8. Health Policy Formulation at Federal, State and Local Government Levels 9. Strategic Health 10. Legal aspect of Pubic Health F. HEALTH EDUCATION, PROMOTION AND COMMUNITY MOBILIZATION 1. Community Mobilization 2. Production of Health Education Material 3. Community Health Education Programme 4. Patient Education, Counseling and Special Group(S) Health Education G. PUBLIC HEALTH NUTRITION 1. Community Nutrition Assessment 2. Micronutrient Deficiency Control Programme 3. Nutrition and clinics food demonstration clinic 4. Growth monitoring and Promotions- Community Based 5. Assessment nutritional problems of special group- pre-School, School Age and Adolescent H. INTERNATIONAL HEALTH AND DISASTER MANAGEMENT 1. Port Health Service 2. International Health Relations 3. International Health Organization 4. Disaster Forecasting, Preparedness and Management I. BIOSTATISTICS 1. Vital Registration 2. Health Service Statistics 3. Medical Records 4. Sources of Primary and Secondary Data 5. Census- National Population Commission J. MANAGEMENT- EXPERIENCE/ RESPONSIBILITIES 1. Management Courses Attended 2. Workshops and Seminars Attended 3. Administration Duties 4. Assignment Undertaken on Ad-hoc base 5. Teaching Experience – Medical Studies and Others 6. Research Methodology Courses K. REHABILITATIVE AND SOCIAL MEDICINE 1. Rehabilitation of the Challenged 2. Care of the Elderly 3. Care of Destitute 4. Prison Health Services L. DENTAL PUBLIC HEALTH 1. Dental Condition of Public Health Importance 2. Care Management 3. Case Presentation to Head of Department 4. Lectures by Consultant M. DERMATOLOGY IN RELATION TO PUBLIC HEALTH 1. Management of Dermatological conditions 2. Review of cases with Consultants 3. Presentation of assigned topics N. MEDICAL LABORATORY IN RELATION TO PUBLIC HEALTH 1. Orientation to laboratory Procedures by Consultant 2. Laboratory Investigation under Consultant supervision 3. Other Laboratory Tasks 4. 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