November 14th of every year is marked globally as World Diabetes Day.
Presently, the International Diabetes Federation estimates that 3 in 4 people with diabetes live in low & middle income countries and that 100 years after insulin discovery, 1 in 2 people who need insulin cannot access or afford it. With this alarming figure, it is recommended that we reduce our risk of type 2 Diabetes, which is largely preventable by-
1) Healthy Eating: Avoid sugar sweetened soft drinks/beverages, junk food and snacks, cholesterol-containing vegetable oil & saturated fats e.g. Margarine, eat more of vegetables & fruits, take enough water daily, limit alcohol intake.
2) Healthy Lifestyle: Maintain ideal body weight, regular/daily exercises, avoid a sedentary lifestyle.
3) Regular Medical Screening: Blood glucose levels, blood pressure, lipid levels.
For those already diagnosed, take medicines as prescribed, regularly monitor blood glucose levels & keep the records, attend clinic visits regularly to prevent complications.
4) Healthcare Workers: should screen all persons at first contact, especially those at risk, & refer appropriately for specialized care as soon as required.
A multidisciplinary approach is indispensable for good outcomes.
TOGETHER WE CAN DO IT.
Courtesy: ENDOCRINOLOGY UNIT, UBTH