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WORLD HEPATITIS DAY

It is observed on the 28th of July every year to raise awareness of viral hepatitis which causes inflammation of the liver leading to severe disease (acute & chronic) cirrhosis & liver cancer.
The theme for 2022 is: HEPATITIS CAN’T WAIT; “BRINGING HEPATITIS CARE CLOSER TO YOU”.


It is a global health problem, as such, global efforts are being geared towards eliminating the different types of viral hepatitis particularly B, C & D infections which cause >95% of hepatitis deaths.
The World Health Organisation aims to achieve elimination of hepatitis by 2030

General Risk Factors for Hepatitis
Living in a household with an infected person
Sexual partner of an infected person
Poor sanitation
Lack of safe water
Travelling to areas of high endemicity

There are 5 main hepatitis viruses, referred to as types A, B, C, D & E. These 5 types are of greatest concern because of the burden of illness and death they cause and the potential for outbreaks & epidemic spread.

Transmission
Hepatitis A & E: feco-oral route
Hepatitis B, C & D: spread by needle stick injury, tattooing, exposure to infected blood & body fluids, transfusion of unscreened blood & blood products

Diagnosis
Several blood tests can be done to diagnose & monitor treatment

Treatment
Specific to the type of viral hepatitis

Prevention
Hepatitis A & E: improved sanitation/hygiene
Hepatitis B: Vaccination & reduction of risk factors
Hepatitis C: Depends on reducing the risk factors
Hepatitis D: prevention of hepatitis B is effective in preventing hepatitis D transmission

In celebrating 2022 World Hepatitis Day, there is need to bring hepatitis care closer to the primary health facilities, communities & individuals to better access vaccination, treatment & care of all forms of viral hepatitis.

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The University of Benin Teaching Hospital was taken over by the Federal Government on April 1st, 1975 as the fifth teaching hospital coming after Ibadan Teaching Hospital and Lagos Teaching Hospital.

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